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Re-engineering Sri Lankan Organizations Role of ICT and Critical Success Factors

Abstract

It is a fact that business world and the technology are facing rapid changes. In consequence, it is required to respond rapidly to the changing demands in order to be in conformity with competitors and improving services, streamlining the business processes, minimizing the cost and uplifting the staff motivation etc. Most of the organizations face enormous difficulties in meeting challenges due to the inherent complexities involved in current business processes and procedures. The solution is process re-engineering. However, due to lack of maturity in this area, most of the organizations are in slow progress or abandoned their projects. Some have invested huge sums of money for Information and Communication Technology (ICT).

This project discusses the effectivity of enablers and inhibitors (Critical Success Factors) of the re-engineering and how the role of ICT influences the success of re-engineering projects. In this connection, selected 32 organizations/institutes from both in government and private sector were examined.  During the pilot studies done at People’s Bank, participation of workshops and seminars, discussions made with Re-engineering team leaders and literature survey, it was possible to find their approaches, role of ICT and concerned Critical Success Factors which have greatly influenced the re-engineering process in Sri Lankan organizations. As far as the role of ICT is concerned, efforts were made to find out how e-technology is incorporated in the 3 phases of reengineering process: before the process is designed, while the process is being designed underway and after the design is complete.

Based on this knowledge, conceptualize model was drawn and a structured questionnaire was prepared and distributed to more than 100 persons covering 32 organizations. Gathered information was analyzed in two ways such as basic and advanced analysis. In this scenario, more attention was made to analyze and highlight different views obtained from both in private and government sectors. These findings can be very vital to those who are planning re-engineering projects. Based on all these findings a set of recommendations were made which enable effective implementation of re-engineering projects in Sri Lanka

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